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<< ariuru | arumajiki >>

有る [ある] (aru)
    Meaning: is (inanimate)
    Example: There is a television in my kitchen.
    JLPT Level: 4
    Category: grammar
    Author: Amatuka

  [ Edit This Grammar Entry ]

  Notes:  
aru is used for inanimate things, ie objects rather than animals or people.

see also iru いる the equivalent for living things.

take's が particle.
 
(dc)
aru is one of three common verbs with the equivalent of English verb "to be".

Usage is roughly equivalent to "is" or "Exists" for inanimate things.
Living things are generally excluded.
For instance, a cat would use the verb iru as it has intelligence, and an insect would use iru. But living things such as plants use aru.

aru is stative (non-action) verb. To express location, the particle ni/に is used. Otherwise ga/が is used (if you can find some exceptions to this rule, please let us know!).

Example:
本はテエブルの上にあります。 ほんはテエブルのうえにあります。
(The) book is on table's top. Hon ha teeburu no ue ni arimasu.

* "to have" is also expressed often using aru. The thing that is being possession in this construction, uses the particle ga/が.

Example:
お金がありますか? おかねがありますか?
(as for you) does money exist? Okane ga arimasu ka?

Other notes:
aru is generally written in kana alone, instead of using kanji.

Forgetting to use が and using plain form aru might make your sound rude and like a yakuza member. Dropping を has a similar effect.
 
(Rinji_HalfElf)
aru conjugation chart.

dictionary form aru  affirmative  negative
-------------------------------------------------
Present Plain      aru       nai
Present Polite     arimasu    arimasen
-------------------------------------------------
Past Plain        atta       nakatta
Past Polite        arimashita   arimasen deshita
-------------------------------------------------
Probable Plain      aru darou   nai darou
Probable Polite     aru deshou  naideshou
-------------------------------------------------
 
(Rinji_HalfElf)

[ Add Note(s) ]
  Examples:  
Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...
Alternatively, view this page on Rikai.com

ex #675   台所にテレビあります。[daidokoro ni terebi ga arimasu] 
There is a television in (my) kitchen.  
 [edit]  
(Amatuka)
ex #1148   旅に出るまで三日有る(ある) 
There are three days before we hit the road.  
 [edit]  
(bamboo4)
ex #1149   丘の上に家が在り(あり)ます 
There is a house on the hill.  
 [edit]  
(bamboo4)
ex #4756   ここに5ドルある。[kokoni godoru aru] 
Here is $5.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4757   「今日の新聞にいいニュースがある?」「いや、特にないね。」[kyou no shinbun ni ii nyu-su ga aru?] 
'Is there any good news in today's paper?' 'No, nothing in particular.'  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4758   57便の荷物はどこにあるのか。[57 bin no nimotsu wa dokoni arunoka] 
Where are the bags from Flight 57?  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #6164   50円ある(有る)?かして。[gojuu en aru? kashite] 
Do you have 50 yen? Can I borrow it?  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #7823   富士山は日本に有ります。 ふじさんはにほんにあります。  
Mt. Fuji is in Japan. Fujisan wa Nihon ni arimasu.  
 [edit]  
(Rinji_HalfElf)
ex #7824   銀座に、スーパーが有りますか? ぎんざに、スーパーがありますか?  
There is a supermarket in Ginza? Ginza ni, suupaa ga arimasu ka?  
 [edit]  
(Rinji_HalfElf)
ex #7825   駅は、何処に有りますか? えきは、どこにありますか?  
Where is the [train] station? Eki wa, doko ni arimasu ka?  
 [edit]  
(Rinji_HalfElf)
ex #7826   辞書が有りますか? じしょがありますか?  
o you have a dictionary? Jisho ga arimasu ka?  
 [edit]  
(Rinji_HalfElf)
ex #7827   いいえ、有りません。いいえ、ありません。  
No, I don't (have ~)。Iie, arimasen.  
 [edit]  
(Rinji_HalfElf)
ex #7828   ここに、公園が有りました。 ここに、こうえんがありました。 
There was a park here. Koko ni, kouen ga arimashita.  
 [edit]  
(Rinji_HalfElf)

Help JGram by picking and editing examples!!
  See Also:  
  • arieru [Amatuka]
  • iru    (iru for living things, aru for objects.
    I find a way to remember which is which is that people _need_ (iru is also the verb to need) stuff.) [dc]
  • da    (だ and ある can both indicate the presense of something inanimate - used in different ways.) [Amatuka]
  • ga    (The particle が is used in ある sentences) [Amatuka]
[ Add a See Also ]
  Comments:  
AmatukaA thorough explanation of the difference between 有る and 在る would be nice. ^^v
I'll have to look into it some time.
 
Amatukaている teiru can't be used with the verbs of existance (e.g. ある aru and いる iru) 
bamboo4在る indicates the physical existence of something, while 有る could be either possession or existence of some state or event. In either case, it is normal to use ある without making fine distinction. 
EekerTo be anal, I think the translation of 丘の上に家が在り(あり)ます is slightly off... In English we do not generally use "located" when the article is indefinite, i.e. when you use "a" or "an". I believe a more accurate translation would be "There is a house on the hill". 
bamboo4I think Eeker is correct. 
SaralynneI've seen in some examples that ある is used to mean "to have"... and I know there is another word for "to hold" or "to carry", but is this how you say you have something?  

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