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<< become, became, becoming | bekarazu >>

〜べからざる [〜べからざる] (bekarazaru)
    Meaning: must not; cannot
    JLPT Level: 1
    Category: grammar
    Author: dc

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  Notes:  
〜べからず/〜べからざる : 〜してはいけない・禁止

1.「〜べからず」は立て看板などの注意書きに使われます。
2.「〜べからざる」(名詞の前に付く形)は「許すべからざる、欠くべからざる」のほかはあまり使われません。
 
()
はしを渡るべからずというのは昔のことわざで日本人の人なら誰でも知ってるはずです。覚えといていただいたらうれしい:)このことわざについてもっと詳しく知りたければ調べてみてください。

By the way この上に書いてある誠さんのノートに間違ってることに気づきました。名詞の前につくというのじゃなくて、動詞の前につく形のほうが正しいとおもいます。
 
(iamharenchi)
Etymologically, this is adjective 可(べ)し in 連用形 beku, to which 在(あ)り is appended, forming bekuari > bekari. Then, to its 未然形 bekara, the classical verb of negation ず is added, forming bekarazu. Further, 在り can be added again, resulting in bekarazari, whose 連体形 is bekarazaru. Also recall that 連体形 is used for verbs before nouns (attributive usage) and 終止形 for ending sentences. 
(blutorange)

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  Examples:  
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ex #5013   成人指定映画は青少年の見るべからざるものだ。 
Movies for adults must not be watched by young people.  
 [edit]  
(tuananh)
ex #5014   許すべからざる行為。 
An act that cannot be forgiven.  
 [edit]  
(bamboo4)
ex #5015   これは将に無視すべからざる犯罪ではないでしょうか。 
Is it not true that this is certainly a crime that cannot be ignored?  
 [edit]  
(bamboo4)
ex #5318   今日の社会では、パソコンは欠くべからざるものとなっている。 
In today's society, computers are becoming something you can't do without.  
 [edit]  
(blabby)
ex #5854   この荷物には「危険!触るべからず」と書いてある 
On this luggage, it is written/stated that 「Danger! Do not touch」  
 [edit]  
()

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      Comments:  
    bamboo4未然形 of an auxilliary verb べかり(from べくあり= should be)plus negative auxilliary verb ざる,which is 連体形 of ず. 
    dcis this extremely formal? it sounds like it... 
    bamboo4It is not only formal but it is somewhat archaic. 
    blabbyI've been studying Japanese for almost 3 years and I've never come across this grammar except in text books...I asked my (young) Japanese friends and they have no idea. But if you do a Google search, there are lots of examples.

    It is always followed by a noun. もの, こと, 行為, etc.
     
    bamboo4You can also construct a phrase combining it with various suffixes. べからざるや、べからざるか、べからずとする、etc.
     
    Nick"〜べからざる"
    This must be worth remembering, but few Japanese use it in everyday speech.
    I think that most Japanese usually say:
    #5013
    成人指定映画は青少年にとって見てはいけないものだ。

    #5014
    許されない行為

    #5015
    これはまさに無視してはいけない犯罪ではないでしょうか。

    #5318
    今日の社会では、パソコンは欠かせないものとなっている。

    #5854
    この荷物には「危険!触るな!」と書いてある。
     
    jimmysealActually, the 終止形 form is べし, and it conjugates like an adjective, meaning the 未然形 is べから.

    As blabby hinted, use べからざる before nouns, and べからず at the end of sentences.
     

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