Read the Kanji on this page with      

  XML RSS feed
  XML RSS feed
  XML RSS feed
  XML RSS feed
  XML RSS feed

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License

<< dearouga | dehaarumaishi >>

である [である] (dearu)
    Meaning: To be, is (formal equivalent of だ [da])
    JLPT Level: 3
    Category: grammar
    Author: Amatuka

  [ Edit This Grammar Entry ]
  Notes: Notes exist yet for this entry...
[ Add Note(s) ]
Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...
Alternatively, view this page on

ex #3187   医者である田中さん 
The Tanaka san who is a doctor.  
ex #3191   そうであるとしても、この場合は別でしょう。 
Even if that is correct, would it not have to be different in this case?  
ex #4955   いつも正直であるということは、容易なことではない。 
To be always honest is not easy.  
ex #7085   "We" are a cat (famous novel title). 

Help JGram by picking and editing examples!!
  See Also:  
  • da    (である is the formal, written equivalent of だ) [Amatuka]
[ Add a See Also ]
AmatukaUsually used in written, formal works. 
AmatukaOne way in which である (dearu) can be used where だ (da) cannot is to modify nouns.
e.g. 医者である田中さん (senshu de aru tanakasan) The Tanakasan who is a doctor.
Mikiroma-ji is wrong for e.g. in user comments.
医者である田中さん(isha de aru tanaka-san)
EekerI don't see why である is being distinguished from だ even though ではない is included on the page for だ. Furthermore, several forms have been missed, such as でない (traditional negative form of である) as well as であろう (traditional negative form of darou). 
MikiI agree with Eeker. It would be better remove English meaning of (formal equivalent of だ da). 
blackburnI think de aru is found in formal written texts. Thesis, abstracts, conference text, just to name a few examples. 

Add Comment

Due to some problems with spam comments, we have had to make the Add Comment feature available to members only. Please login or register.

Add Entry to Your Study List
Choose the priority of studying you want to assign to this item from the drop-down select list and then hit the save button. This will be used for sorting your personal study list. If you wish to delete an entry that's already in your list, just set the difficulty to '0'


jgram 2018