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<< kawakirini | kawarini-2 >>

かわりに [かわりに] (kawarini)
    Meaning: in place of; instead of
    Example: instead of milk, sweetener
    JLPT Level: 2
    Category: grammar
    Author: dc

  [ Edit This Grammar Entry ]

  Notes:  
see kawaru-group for explanation and similar items 
(dc)
Noun + の
先生のかわりに

i-Adj
高いかわいに

ku-Adj
早くかわりに

verb-masu + kawarini
遊ぶ代わりに
 
(dc)

[ Add Note(s) ]
  Examples:  
Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...
Alternatively, view this page on Rikai.com

ex #1025   今朝はコーヒーの代わりにココアを飲んだ  
This morning, instead of coffee, I drank cocoa  
 [edit]  
(d4)
ex #1026   話す代わりに  
instead of talking  
 [edit]  
(d4)
ex #1027   高い代わりに  
instead of being expensive  
 [edit]  
(d4)
ex #1168   先生のかわりに私が教えた。 
In place of my teacher, I taught.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3498   2階に私のかわりにもっていってください。  
Would you mind carrying it up the stairs for me?  
 [edit]  
(dbx)
ex #3499   かわりに君にそこへ行って欲しい。  
I wish you to go there instead.  
 [edit]  
(dbx)
ex #3500   これらの労働者を一時解雇するかわりに、彼等の労働時間を短縮すればよいじゃないか。  
Instead of laying off these workers, why don't we just cut their hours?  
 [edit]  
(dbx)
ex #3501   これを私のかわりにしていただけたらとてもありがたいのですが。  
I would be very pleased if you do this for me.  
 [edit]  
(dbx)
ex #3502   しばらく私のかわりに子どもから目を離さないでください。  
Keep an eye on the child for me for a moment.  
 [edit]  
(dbx)
ex #3503   そのかわりに最前定義した二つの経済学的変数に関する議論を行うことにしよう。  
Instead, I will turn to a discussion of the two economic variables I defined a moment ago.  
 [edit]  
(dbx)
ex #3504   まことにすみませんが、私のかわりにそれをやっていただけませんか。 
Would you be good enough to do it for me?  
 [edit]  
(dbx)
ex #5810   音楽会に行くかわりにCDを三枚買うほうがいいと思う。 
I think it is better to buy 3CDs instead of going to a musical concert.  
 [edit]  
(Meghana)
ex #8219   ビールを切らしてしまった。代わりにウイスキーを飲めよ。 
I have run out of beer. Drink some whisky instead.  
 [edit]  
(karekano)
ex #8220   お辞儀の代わりに、アメリカ人は握手をする。  
Instead of bowing, American people shake hands.  
 [edit]  
(karekano)
ex #8222   この石は金づちのかわりになる。 
This rock will do for a hammer.  
 [edit]  
(karekano)

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  See Also:  
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  Comments:  
dcIs this correct:

彼は早くかわりに、遅かった
Instead of being early, he was late.
 
eastmaelsIn the Notes section,
shouldn't it be:
高いかわいに→高いかわりに
And:
"verb-dictionary + kawarini"
 
jmadsenQuestion: My grammar book says に かわり instead of かわりに for all its examples and explanations. ex. 首相 に かわり、 外相 が アメリカ を 訪問 した。
Can anyone clarify?
 
jmadsenJust got my question answered :-)
ni kawari is more "polite" or "official", and also shows a more passive sense of the "ni" particle. kawari + ni is more typical in spoken language. So, these two sentences are the same in meaning:
相 に かわり、 外相 が アメリカ を 訪問 した。
相 の かわり に、 外相 が アメリカ を 訪問 した。
But the first is more likely to occur in a news report.
 
bluntcrayoncan you even use い adjectives with this form of かわりに?
I know it can be used for the other form , i.e some form of compensation or balance (E.g. 高い代わりに便利だった), but all the books i have read including the dictionary of int grammar, state it cant be used in a way such as 高い代わりに (instead of being expensive)
 
kaz彼は早くかわりに、遅かった
Instead of being early, he was late.

→This is wrong. There is no "(~ku)kawarini" usage.
i-adj+かわりに
e.g.彼は 行動が はやいかわりに ミスが多い。
 

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