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<< kousyou | kudasaimasenka >>

下さい [ください] (kudasai)
    Meaning: please
    Example: Please give me,that
    JLPT Level: 2
    Category: grammar
    Author: Amatuka

  [ Edit This Grammar Entry ]
kudasai is an auxiliary verb which indicates a polite request: "please do"

1) kudasai is a polite imperative form of kudasaru, the honorofic version of kureru 'give'(me) and is used as an auxiliary verb with the te-form of verbs.
 please drink slowly/at your own pace

2) The negtative question form kudasaimasenka makes a request more polite 
 Won't you come tomorrow at 8 O'Clock?

3) douzo emphasizes the speakers request and makes it more polite.
 Go ahead please, and eat as much as you like

4) In very informal speech, kudasai may drop(this form of request is often used by female speakers)
 go on say it (please)

 dont come back yet (please)

5) kure, the imperative form of kureru, can also be used in place of kudasai in informal male speech.[Vte/Vneg nai de] kure is the least polite request form.
 can you come together (for me?)
(=can you let me go with you?)

 don't come back to our place (OK?)

[ Add Note(s) ]
Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...
Alternatively, view this page on

ex #638   それをください 
That, please .  
ex #640   みせてください 
Please show me.  
ex #4848   あの方が言われる事を、何でもしてあげてください。 
Do whatever he tells you.  
ex #4849   みなさま、ようこそご搭乗くださいました。 
Ladies and gentlemen, welcome aboard.  
ex #4850   「塩をとってください。」「はい、どうぞ。」 
"Pass me the salt, please". "Here you are".  
ex #4851   「芝生に入らないでください」という標識があった。 
There was a sign saying, "keep off the grass."  
ex #4852   彼によろしくお伝えください。 
Please give him my best regards.  
ex #4853   5時にお電話下さいませんか。 
Would you please call me up at five o'clock?  
ex #4854   あのビールをください。 
I'd like that beer, please.  
ex #4855   あの窓を閉めてくださいませんか。 
Would you be so kind as to shut that window?  
ex #4856   この花を送ってくださったのは佐藤さんかもしれません。 
It may have been Mr SATO who sent these flowers.  
ex #4857   お母さんが私にかわいらしいお人形を買ってくださいました。 
Mom bought a pretty doll for me.  
ex #4858   ようこそパーティーにお越しくださいました。 
I'm glad you could come to the party.  
ex #8240   カードをもう一枚ください 
Give me one more card, please 。  
ex #8241   ビール二本 ください 
Two beers, please 。  
ex #8242   何か飲み物を下さい 
I`d like something to drink.  
ex #8243   万一留守中にだれかが訪ねて来たらすぐにもどると伝えください 
If anyone should call while I`m out, please tell them (him/her) I`ll be back soon.  
ex #8244   彼女が来るかどうか知らせてください。  
Let me know if she is coming.  
ex #8245   どうぞうお入りください。  
Please come in.  
ex #8246   お名前が聞きとれませんでした。 もう一度言ってください。  
I didn`t catch your name. Repeat it, please.  
ex #8247   これをどうやったらよいか教えてくださいませんか 
Could you show me how to do this?  

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  See Also:  
  • nasai    (なさい and ください can both be used to make requests, although なさい is probably more forceful.) [Amatuka]
  • onegai [your name]
[ Add a See Also ]
AmatukaNote : The object marker を is said 'o' but may be written as either 'wo' or 'o' depending on romaji system used. 
Amatukaください can be used in two ways.
1. To ask for an object をください ( wo kudasai )
2. To ask for an action verb-te ください (v-te kudasai).
AmatukaNote みせる (miseru) is the dictionary form of the verb meaning 'to show'.
みせて (misete) is the te form of the verb meaning 'to show'.
dci translated the examples in the notes above, can a native speaker please check? 
ramuwhat in level four grammar list(kanji and fuu )are not in level 4 JLPT syllabus.please check. 
dcramu - I don't understand your question? you want us to check all the JLPT4 items? 
ramudear Dc every year JLPT test administrative comitte publishing syllabus of JLPT all levels exams.what i said before (kanji and fuu) these grammar points are not in JLPT level 4 syllabus.  
Mikiramu, did you check all syllabus of all levels? すごいね。So what level do you think this or other entries would be? 
ramukanji and fuu not listed in jlpt levels,but level miki,tow text books we can find "fuu" in intermediate level text books."kanji" is not listed in level one syllabus but i think for facing listening nad reading comprahension aprts its better to know the the student of level one 
dci changed this level 3 then for now. i thot 下さい is one of the first words one learns... 
pazustepindigoharp noted on Tae Kim's Japanese Guide forums that くれ is not only the least polite form, but might actually be offensive:
darkseedIn a 少し example (#4927), 「水を少しくださし。」「いいですよ。」, くださし is written instead of ください. Is this a typo or is there a reason for it? 
赤毛This entry seems to have been tuned from level 4 to level 2. It seems to easy to be level 2. Please tune it back to level 3. どうぞ三級に戻って下さいませんか。 
KyleGoetzI went through the examples and replaced 下 with くだ. Japanese manuals of style say to use the kanji with NOUNを下さい, contrasted with the TE-form VERBてください, in which you do not use the kanji.

It's not technically incorrect, but it's preferred, similar to how in English spelling out zero through ten is preferred, but using numbers for values greater than ten is preferred.
enkephalin07How does onegai compare to kudasai in usage? Can a description and demonstration be added into this article, or does it need a separate page? 

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