〜まい [〜まい] (mai-2)
Meaning: probably won't
Example: you probably won't die from this illness
JLPT Level: 2
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| Notes: |
|This is an auxiliary which expresses the negative volition or conjecture of the speaker. It is basically a written form, used in formal writing.|
For Gr. 2 verbs, Ｖmasu is occasionally used instead of Ｖinf・nonpast. For irregular verbs, すまい and こまい are sometimes used instead of するまいand くるまい, respectively. See examples #6088, #6089, and #6090.
まい does not have a past form. The past tense is expressed by other verbs. See examples #6091 and #6092.
The volition of someone other than the speaker can be expressed by まい, as in example #6093. Note that と思う is used to express the volition of someone other than the speaker. Thus, example #6094 expresses the conjecture of the speaker rather than the volition of Keiko.
Ｖinf・nonpastまいとする expresses the idea of "try not to Ｖ." See example #6095. When this structure is used in a subordinate clause, する is often omitted, as in example #6096.
ＶvolitionalかＶinf・nonpastまいか expresses the idea "whether (I) will Ｖ or not," as in example #6098.
1. 行くまい (〜will not go; probably will not go)
2. 教えるまい (〜will not teach; probably will not teach)
1. 高くはあるまい (〜is probably not expensive)
1. 静かではあるまい (〜is probably not quiet)
2. 先生ではあるまい (〜is probably not a teacher)
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| Comments: |
|Amatuka||This usage is now generally replaced by ないだろう|| |
|Amatuka||Commonly used with あるまい|| |
|Amatuka||Hmm, my example might be 'mai-3' : expression of a negative that is natural or appropriate.|| |
|Miki||As for the first example, we don't say 死ぬまい for the third person. We'd say 病気で死ぬことはあるまいと思うが、…。|
When you talk about yourself, you'd say この病気で死ぬまい、絶対生きてやる。
|dc||in #4703 what does まぬがれまい mean?|| |
|Miki||まぬかれる is a dictonary form. It is also pronounced as まぬがれる. 免れる means 逃れる. |
まぬがれ + まい (neg) >>> You will not be able to escape from being punished this time.
|nazonatte69||Is this similar to あるわけない？|| |
|karekano||I`m not sure if my example #8089 is really this -mai. || |
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