に従って; に従い ([にしたがって; にしたがい] )(nishitagatte; nishitagai)
Meaning: following; in accordance with; as 〜, accordingly; in proportion to とともに; につれて; に伴って
Example: As our income increases, our expenditure increase accordingly.
JLPT Level: 2
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| Notes: |
|＊Ｖ(nonpast dict. form) + に従って/に従い is used to express that something beyond human control takes place simultaneously with something else that goes on. The verbs in both main and subordinate clauses do not express a momentary action, but a continuous process. See example #6351.|
＊In the case of Ｎ + に従って/に従い, the previous note is not applicable. When used after a noun, this construction expresses that what occurs is momentary or non-spontaneous. See example #6350.
＊This grammar CANNOT be preceeded by an adjective or the copula verb (だ/です). Preceeding verbs must be nonpast.
＊従い is used in written Japanese whereas 従って is used in both written and spoken Japanese.
Ｖ(dict. form) + に従って/に従い
Ｎ + に従って/に従い
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| Comments: |
|dc||there are a few other phrases like this, where verb and noun have different effects. see explanation on totomoni|| |
|dc||sometimes in kanji too: に従って || |
|dc||see totomoni for some similarities and explanation|| |
|Amatuka||Not sure what you mean by "verb and noun have different effects"|| |
|Miki||The second example 従って should be 接続詞 conjunction. Other exampels are transformation of verb 従う.|| |
|Quobobo||I think the "Please do it according to the manner I showed you" example could be shortened to "Please do it as I showed you". All the examples I've seen with nishitagatte could be translated as "as". It seems somewhat different if you don't use it as a conjunction though.|| |
|dc||feel free to edit... I agree although it is a bit of a pompous expression in japanese too perhaps.|| |
|bamboo4||I agree and changed the example.|| |
|bamboo4||Miki-san is correct. We are mixing apples and oranges here. || |
|誠||Ya, i agree that some examples that doesn't mean "following , に従って" got mixed up here.|
I think ex #552 is considered ok under this category, although it doesn't use にin front of 従って. That doesn't matter since the meaning is the same. Well, u can say "Accordingly" or " Following that" here.
But for ex #1200 is actually に ＋ 従って of the verb 従う - " follows " . so this example got mixed up in this category.
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