〜て [〜て] (te)
Meaning: ([verb]-te, connects two sentences)
Example: I'm going to the book shop to buy it.
JLPT Level: 3
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| Notes: |
|te is more of a "parallel" tense in Japanese. It reflects that the verb goes on along with the rest of the sentence or in a sequence.|
te-iru is the same way, the verb is going on at the same time "you exist" hence the -ing.
|The -te form has many uses; here there are just some of them:|
1) It's a way to connect two sentences (a kind of equivalent expression for "and").
2) Equivalent to English "-ing".
3) -te+iru: to describe an action that is now happening or that is not already finished.
[There are similar grammatical structures with verbs like "shimau", "ageru", "yaru", "miru"... but I guess they should have their own section]
4) Replacing an adverb.
5) Motte+iku/kuru: to bring, to take, to carry something.
6) Present perfect in some cases.
When the -te form is applied to adjectives finished in -i, it has also a copulative function: joining two or more adjectives by adding -kute instead -i.
The weather was bad, and that bothered us.
That film is short and amusing.
[I must apologize for the possible mistakes this note may have. English is not my native language]
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| Comments: |
|Amatuka||Note, many, many, other uses of vte.|| |
|Amatuka||Hmm, not the most natural example sentence in the world ^^v|| |
|Amatuka||Also -i adjectives join with -kute -くて|
The copula has the 'te' form of で.
|Amatuka||Verbs with auxillary verbs and auxillary adjectives use the -te form. e.g. やってみてください。|
やる(in -te form, to do) みる (in -te form, to try) ください (request). All together Please try to do it.
|Amatuka||It is sometimes much the same as 'and'.|| |
|Amatuka||[List of conjugations to be done]|| |
|Aria||It's a JLPT level 4 grammar point (both the -て and -くて forms, btw), and not a level 3 one; Only some of the -て + verb forms are part of the JLPT level 3 grammar requirements|
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