て形+しまう (て仕舞う・て終う・て了う) ([てしまう] )(teshimau)
Meaning: wind up ____ing, end up ___ing, finish ____ing その動作・作用が完了して、もとへ戻らない意を表す。特に、取り返しがつかない意を表す。
Example: I wound up laughing.
JLPT Level: 3
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| Notes: |
|Verb(て) ＋ しまう。|| |
|It may be worth mentioning that sometimes |
Vて しまいました is sometimes shortened to
|Literally, しまう means "to finish." Do not be surprised to find this word used only in this meaning sometimes, with no "undesired"-connotation. || |
|-てしまう - sometimes contracted to ちゃう|| |
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| Comments: |
|bamboo4||The title should be "shimau" instead of "teshimau." "te" is a particle and does not form the root of "shimau."|| |
|ninja_k||Wouldn't this fall under the other category of しまう？「その映画を見て泣いてしまった」にはほかの翻訳あると思いますが。。。 Watching that movie, I cried (not that I wanted to, or expected to cry). Perhaps because this would be a case where there isn't regret?|
|eastmael||I think 〜てしまう can imply two meanings:|
2) to my regret
I'm really not sure how one can distinguish which one a person is trying to imply.. I guess it's based on the context of what one is saying?
|誠||I agree with eastmael. Here is some explanation from text :|
E.g. : 作文をかいてしまったら、公園に行きましょう
I think if something bad happened unwillingly, 〜しまう goes to the 2nd meaning.Otherwise, if it is something done without any special adverse effects or just a plain task or action, it goes to the 1st meaning.
|tigert||I don`t know about everyone else, but I have never heard しまう used to mean "I finished Ving"|
It always seems to have a negative meaning attached to it.
|赤毛||Tigertさん, I added example #6786 caught from JPLT2 in this level 3 entry exactly for the note you wrote.|| |
|kaligal||I'd like to offer a more natural translation of the sentence beginning with 前から欲しかった本。。。|
I got a book I had craved for a long time, so I immediately began reading, and read all night long until I finally finished it.
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