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<< toka | tokitara >>

〜時 [〜とき] (toki)
    Meaning: when
    Example: when i was in japan
    JLPT Level: 3
    Category: grammar
    Author: dc

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This kanji can also be read as ji in compounds. 

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ex #531   私は日本に行った日本語を勉強した 
when i was in japan, i studied japanese  
ex #3141   いつでも都合の いい時にお金を返してください。 
Pay me back when it's convenient.  
ex #3142   何というときに出てきたんだ! 
How on earth could you make your appearance at a crucial time like this!  

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  See Also:  
  • niatatte; niatari    (not equivalent, as toki can be used for past tense items.
    ) [dc]
  • tabi, tabini    (ときに can be used in much the same way as たびに) [Amatuka]
  • sai [dc]
[ Add a See Also ]
dctabi i think is often used for repeating things. more like "each time i go to japan" than "when i went to japan".  
your nameI believe that example one is incorrect. I believe it should be:
You can add or leave out the は depending on how you wish to say it.
dcIs this usually toki+ni? 
bamboo4You can dispense with either に or は or には, which I think is nore conventional.
Mikiex#531 I feel the Japanese is not natural. It would be 私は日本にいた時日本語を勉強した。or the second user comment 私は日本に行った時に日本語を勉強した。 
bamboo4I see noting wrong with 行った時.Adding に would provide emphasis, such as "I studied Japanese when I went to Japan" (with an implication that happened at no othe time.) 
natsumiis there some rules to observed as to use ta-form or impolite form for the preceding clause before the toki under certain conditions? Arigatoo. 
私は、日本にいた時、日本語を勉強した。Good job, Miki.
swit helps me to think of に as crosshairs. It zeros in on a specific time. "At" covers this function nicely in English. It's not correct to use it if there is no specific time. 一時に "at 1 o'clock" and 明日 "tommorow" as we don't say "at tommorow". This metaphor can be used for indirect object に as well. 
bamboo4But we say 明日(あした)には, meaning by tommorow."
SaralynneTo me it sounds like without に, the sentence might be more like "When in Japan, I studied Japanese." and adding に would be somewhat like "When I was in Japan, I studied Japanese." The first one would put more emphasis on studying Japanese (but happen to state where) and the second would be saying what one did in Japan (which was studying).

I think I pretty much just reworded what everyone else was saying, in a way, right?

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